Extradition To The US: What You Need to Know

by | Jan 25, 2023 | Uncategorized, US extradition

If you’re looking to hide from the law, it’s essential to consider countries without extradition treaties.

However, governments don’t always recognize non-extradition rules and can extradite fugitives to the United States.

There are several wealthy countries without extradition treaties, including Cuba, China, Vietnam, Cambodia, and Indonesia.

Countries with no diplomatic ties to your home country may be among your best bets for hiding out.

Extradition is an agreement between two or more nations where one nation agrees to turn over a fugitive or criminal to another country for that person to be tried for their alleged crimes.

“extradition treaty” generally refers to an international agreement between two or more nations that outlines each nation’s rights and obligations regarding extraditing criminals.

In this article, we’ll discuss why extradition treaties are necessary and the countries that have refused to enter such treaties with the United States.

What is an extradition treaty?

An extradition treaty is a formal agreement between two or more countries outlining how a fugitive or criminal will be transferred from one country to another. The treaty determines what crimes are considered extraditable, who can request extradition, and which country has jurisdiction over certain crimes.

Generally speaking, extradition treaties are designed to facilitate nations’ cooperation in criminal cases by providing a legal framework.

The US and Other Nations Without Extradition Treaties

While most nations have entered into an extradition treaty with the United States, some have yet to do so. These include Russia, China, and Brunei. Russia has been particularly vocal in its refusal to do so, partly due to political tensions between the two countries.

China also refuses to enter into any agreement with the US on this matter due to concerns over Chinese citizens being prosecuted for political reasons. Lastly, Brunei is an incredibly wealthy country that has repeatedly refused requests from the US government for an extradition treaty, citing sovereignty issues as its primary concern.

What Makes Brunei Different?

Brunei stands out among other countries without an extradition treaty with the United States because it is wealthy and strategically located near many important trade routes through Southeast Asia.

This means that if any criminals were able to escape justice in other parts of the world and flee here, it would be difficult, if not impossible, for foreign law enforcement agencies like those in the United States to apprehend them without Brunei’s cooperation” which they would not get without an extradition treaty in place.

Furthermore, Brunei also benefits from its lack of an agreement by being able to keep its citizens safe from prosecution abroad since no foreign nation can request their return without such a document in place either.

On the run from Law enforcement

When attempting to evade the long arm of the law, one important factor to consider is whether a country has an extradition treaty with the country where you are being pursued.

Without such treaties, there will be no way for authorities from one country to request that another country extradite a suspect if they have crossed their borders.

People who elect this as a strategy should be prepared to cut ties with their past and create a new identity to disappear from justice successfully. This means safety from prosecution, though it does come with some caveats.

Extradition can happen without a treaty.

Although countries commonly follow the policy of non-extradition, allowing fugitives to stay in their territories if they are wanted or indicted in the United States, governments do not always respect this rule.

Governments may extradite criminals to the US based on external political pressures or internal motivations. This can result in the offender being returned to the US regardless of their wishes and potentially facing criminal consequences for alleged violations of laws.

Therefore, it is crucial for a fugitive to take all necessary preventative measures before fleeing abroad to avoid extradition.

Countries where to start over.

Wealthy countries without extradition treaties can offer a new identity to any fugitive looking for a fresh start. For example, Cuba, China, Vietnam, Cambodia, and Indonesia can provide new documents with identities suitable for surviving in a new country where the person is relatively untraceable.

Additionally, in many wealthy countries without extradition treaties, some documents can be tailored to help fugitives live peacefully and blend into new surroundings with minimal suspicion or traceability by local authorities.

This makes these nations ideal for anyone looking to get a new identity and start again without worrying about being tracked down.

Consider countries with no diplomatic ties.

Suppose you were ever a fugitive or wanted person in the United States, indicted for a crime. In that case, one of the last places you would like to be spotted is in a country with diplomatic ties to your home.

One good solution for those avoiding the American criminal justice system may be to go somewhere that does not have diplomatic relations with the United States.

This would put countries like North Korea, Bhutan, and Belarus at the top of fugitive hideout lists since these nations don’t recognize diplomatic relations with America. Without this connection, fugitives could remain hidden until extradition is no longer viable.


In conclusion, understanding why some nations refuse to enter into extradition treaties with countries like the United States is critical when considering how fugitives may try to evade justice abroad.

Countries like Russia and China cite political tensions, while others like Brunei point out sovereignty issues as their primary reason for avoiding such agreements; however, all of these reasons ultimately come down to one common factor:” the need for each nation involved in any potential extradition case to maintain autonomy over their borders and citizens when possible.

Hence, they will not go against their laws or principles without cause. Understanding this dynamic can help us better understand why certain countries have chosen not to participate in these treaties while others have embraced them wholeheartedly, thus making sure justice is served worldwide regardless of nationality or location.